Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, comprises the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and several smaller islands. It is home to vibrant multicultural cities, ancient rainforests, picturesque beaches, exotic islands, red-earthed deserts, fascinating biodiversity and one of the magnificent natural wonders of the world, the Great Barrier Reef. The traditional lifestyle of the nation's aboriginal people gives an insightful look into Australia's rich history and culture.
Melbourne is a vibrant and multicultural metropolis of Australia. Melbourne Central Shopping Center, Queen Victoria Market, Chapel Street and Royal Arcade on Bourke Street are the best places in the city for shopping. To know about the rich heritage of indigenous Australians you can opt for the popular Aboriginal Heritage Walk tour. Brisbane is a vibrant and dynamic city. Located in the Sunshine State, it's well-known for its beaches and resorts. Its fantastic climate make for brilliant outdoor activities such as biking, climbing and hiking. The Cultural Precinct hosts excellent galleries, museums and performance venues. The giant Wheel of Brisbane is another famous tourist attraction which offers kaleidoscopic views over the South Bank and the city. Sydney is a modern city with a long history. With its scenic harbor, summer beaches, architectural wonders and nature reserve parks, Sydney is a paradise for nature lovers, adventure seekers and all types of travelers. Through a harbor cruise from Circular Quay you get to explore the city in an interesting way. Broome is home to several scenic attractions but most importantly it serves as the gateway to the spectacular Kimberly region. This region is blessed with bountiful attractions such as Cape Leveque, Mitchell Falls, Horizontal Waterfalls and the Gibb River Road. Gold Coast is one of the most popular holiday destinations in Australia owing to its vibrant ambience, water parks, beautiful beaches, sea and surf. Surfers Paradise is home to large shopping malls, numerous nightclubs, restaurants, and bars. Adelaide, the capital of South Australia, is bordered by many of Australia's famous wine regions. North Terrace is an amazing place to start off your city tour. Also visit Port Adelaide and Victoria Square. Perth, capital of Western Australia, is home to fantastic cultural sites. Cottesloe Beach and Kings Park are major highlights. Launceston is Tasmania's second largest town. It's graced with elegant architecture, rich history and abundant greenery. Cataract Gorge, City Park, Tamar Island Wetlands, Prince's Square, and Royal Park are the major highlights of this city. You can opt for heritage walks to explore the colonial and Victorian buildings of Launceston.
Sydney Opera House is one of the major highlights of Australia. This famous edifice on Sydney's Bennelong Point is one of the world's great architectural icons and a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It encompasses studios, theatres, exhibition rooms, a cinema, and a concert hall. Surrounded by water on three sides and the magnificent Royal Botanic Gardens to the south, Sydney Opera House is a magical sight to behold. The Sydney Harbour Bridge, also referred to as 'the Coathanger', is the largest steel arch bridge in the world. From the top of the bridge, you can enjoy panoramic views over the harbour and city. Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park is a World Heritage Area which houses the sacred sites of Uluru (a red monolith) and Kata Tjuta (red domed-shaped rocks). Federation Square is an integral part of Melbourne. Its ultramodern design strikes a brilliant contrast with the surrounding Victorian architecture. Eureka Tower, Macquarie Lighthouse, Adelaide Oval, Captain Cook's Cottage, Australian War Memorial, Queen Victoria Building, Sydney Tower Eye, Sydney Town Hall, Hyde Park, Customs House, and Bell Tower are other historical and architectural marvels of Australia.
Melbourne Museum showcases Australia's social history from its indigenous cultures to its fascination with horse racing and football. Adjacent to it, the elaborate Royal Exhibition Building is also worth a visit. Art Gallery of South Australia, located in Adelaide, exhibits one of Australia's finest art collections. The stunning Victorian Building is a marvel in itself. The collection includes paintings, jewelry, metalwork, textiles, furniture and sculpture. Australian Sports Museum, located in Melbourne, is dedicated to Australian sport. It features exhibitions and galleries of items related mainly to Cricket, Football, Tennis, Golf, the Sport Australia Hall of Fame, Summer and Winter Olympic Games, and the Melbourne Cricket Ground, among others. Some other prominent museums in Australia are Santos Museum of Economic Botany, Ayers Historic House Museum, National Gallery of Victoria, Immigration Museum, National Museum of Australia and Broome Historical Museum.
The Great Barrier Reef gracing Australia with its natural magnificence is one of the largest living structures on the planet. The Great Barrier Reef Marine park protects fragile ecosystems, which include more than 3,000 coral reefs, 300 coral cays, inshore mangrove islands and 600 continental islands. Diving and snorkeling amidst the corals and myriad of marine life species is an astounding experience. Blue Mountains National Park is a beautiful UNESCO World Heritage Site located about 81 kilometres west of Sydney in New South Wales. This stunning park houses waterfalls, rock paintings, gorges and exhilarating hiking trails. Three Sisters Rock formations, Govetts Leap and Katoomba Scenic Railway are the famous attractions of this park. Besides hiking, you can also indulge in mountain biking, rock climbing, horseback riding and abseiling. Daintree National Park, located in Queensland, is among the most ancient ecosystems in the world. This park encompasses two scenic sections namely, Mossman Gorge and Cape Tribulation. Here you can witness the gorgeous convergence of rainforest and reef, as well as, an astounding biodiversity. You can enjoy hiking, wildlife watching, paddleboarding, river cruise and ziplining. Kakadu National Park is the largest national park in Australia. You can explore its monsoon rainforests, rivers, gorges, wetlands, ancient wall paintings, rock sites, and waterfalls by car, boat or by hiking. The Kakadu Escarpment is particularly stunning. Great Ocean Road is a spectacular driving route along Australia's southeast coast. Port Campbell National Park, Twelve Apostles, Lord Ard Gorge, Great Otway National Park, are some of the highlights along the road. If you seek adventure you can visit the Cradle Mountain-Lake St. Clair National Park. Its glacier-carved wilderness is perfect for hiking. Some famous ones include Weindorfer Walk, Cradle Mountain, Lake Dove Walk and Overland Track, among others. The Pinnacles located within Nambung National Park are spectacular limestone formations. Sand from the coastal dunes constantly blows over these mystical structures that make for an incredible sight. Kings Canyon Rim Walk, Mount Gower, Wineglass Bay Circuit, and Mount Kosciuszko Walk, are a few of the famous hikes in Australia. Australia also offers a unique skiing experience. The ski resorts offer downhill skiing, snowboarding, terrain parks, tubing, cross-country trails, tobogganing and some also offer night skiing. Perisher, Thredbo Alpine Resort, Mt. Buller, Mt. Gotham, Charlotte Pass, Mt. Bas Bae Alpine Resort, Dinner Plain and Falls Creek are some of the places for skiing. Karijini National Park, Dandenong Ranges, Mornington Peninsula, Royal Botanic Gardens, Yarra River, Lake Burley, Brisbane River, Kings Park and Botanic Garden, and Swan River are some other places known for their exquisite beauty.
A major chunk of Australia can be covered in 8 to 12 days. Starting off in Melbourne, spend a day exploring the city and its nature-rich parks. Spend two days in Tasmania, exploring the towns and national parks adorning the islands with their exquisite attractions. Back on the mainland, spend a day exploring the exotic city of Sydney. Take a day trip to the Blue Mountains to engage in some adventurous activities. To enjoy urban delights, water sports and sandy beaches, spend a day in Gold Coast. Spend a day exploring the cultural sites of Brisbane and also visit the famous Lone Pine Koala Sanctuary. Move to Hervey Bay in order to visit the scenic Fraser Island for a day. Spend a day in Cairns to visit the Daintree National Park. Take a day tip to the vibrant Great Barrier Reef from Cairns to enjoy snorkeling and scuba diving. Spend a day or two in Darwin exploring the city and the scenic Kakadu National Park and Katherine Gorge. Spend a day in Broome to visit the Kimberley Region for a soulful escapade. For a day enjoy the cityscapes, art centers, beaches and nightlife of Perth before moving to Adelaide. Spend a day exploring this scenic city and its modern architecture. Take a short trip to Cape Jervis and from here take a ferry to Kangaroo Island where you can conclude this marvellous exploration of Australia.