Explore Egypt
Egypt
Land festooned with ancient treasure

Egypt, officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country that dates back to the time of the Pharaohs. Centuries-old monuments sit along the scenic Nile River Valley, including the iconic Pyramids of Giza, Great Sphinx, as well as Luxor's Valley of the Kings tombs and Karnak Temple. Each monument of Egypt has a different story to tell. Festooned with temples, tombs, world-class coral reefs, and the megalopolis of Cairo, Egypt offers a combination of culture, adventure and relaxation. 


Popular cities: 

  • Cairo

  • Alexandria 

  • Hurghada

  • Sharm El-Sheikh

  • Luxor 

  • Aswan

Countries
Egypt
Climate
The climate of Egypt is semi-arid characterized by hot dry summers, very little rainfall and moderate winters. The best time to visit the country is between October and April.

  • January — Cool
  • February — Cool
  • March — Warm
  • April — Warm
  • May — Hot
  • June — Hot
  • July — Hot
  • August — Hot
  • September — Hot
  • October — Warm
  • November — Warm
  • December — Warm
Things to do
City Life
Islamic Cairo is dotted with beautiful mosques and monuments dating from the Fatimid through to the Mameluke eras. The sauk of Khan el-Khalili is a famous place for shopping. The tiny shops are laden with perfume, spice, ceramics, metal lampshades and much more. From the roof of the ancient medieval gate of Bab Zuweila the panoramas across the district are stunning. Midan Talaat Harb and Abdin Palace are the prime attractions of Downtown Cairo. Luxor's East Bank holds the modern city and the two temples of Karnak and Luxor. Whereas, the West Bank is home to a vast majority of Luxor's tourist attractions. Alexandria is one of the best towns to visit in Egypt to capture the essence of days-gone-by grandeur. It is home to the Ancient Roman Theatre that features a stunning mosaic flooring and marble setting and stands as a remnant of Alexandria's Roman occupation. Explore the downtown waterfront Corniche Road to feel the era of cosmopolitan elegance and history. Abu Abbas al-Mursi Mosque and some heritage hotels are prime attractions.
Historic/Architectural Heritage
The Pyramids of Giza are one of the world's most iconic landmarks. These tombs of the Pharaohs Cheops (Khufu), Mycerinus (Menkaure), and Chephren (Khafre) continue to remain as wondrous a sight as they ever were. The Pyramids Sound and Light Show is a unique way of appreciating the Great Pyramid. Another iconic monument guarding these mortuary temples is the pharaoh-faced and lion-bodied Sphinx. The pyramids of Saqqara, especially Old Kingdom Step Pyramid show the advanced engineering knowledge of ancient Egyptian architects. Mastaba of Ti, Pyramid of Teti, as well as Bent Pyramid and Red Pyramid of Dahshur should also be included on any Saqqara visit. Karnak Temple Complex in Luxor is one of the most famous places to visit in Egypt. Within its precincts are the Temple of Khons, Festival Temple of Tuthmosis III, Great Temple of Amun, and surrounding minor temples and sanctuary. Valley of the Kings is home to many elaborate pits, tombs and burial chambers. The royal tombs are adorned with scenes from Egyptian mythology. It houses nearly 63 tombs, including the famous king Tutankhamun. Abu Simbel are two rock-cut temples with an interior adorned with wall paintings. This UNESCO World Heritage Site was originally carved out of the mountainside in the 13th century BC, during the reign of Pharaoh Ramesses II. St. Catherine's Monastery is one of the oldest monasteries in the world. Standing at the foot of Mount Sinai, this monastery is a stunning sight to behold. It is home to an impressive collection of religious manuscripts, iconography and art. Climbing the Steps of Repentance to reach the monastery is the best way to enjoy scenic views of the surrounding desert mountains. The Temple of Osiris, located in Abydos, is one of Ancient Egypt's most beautiful artistic creations. Its hypostyle halls contain some of the finest relief-work in the country. In Coptic Cairo you can visit the Hanging Church, Church of St. Sergius and Bacchus, Ben Ezra Synagogue and the Mosque of Amr Ibn al-As. Bibliotheca Alexandrina, Catacombs of Kom el-Shuqqafa, Fort Qaitbey, Kom el-Dikka, Pompey's Pillar, and Ras el-Tin Palace, are some of the must-visit historical sites in Alexandria. Philae Temple, Luxor Temple, Temple of Deir el-Bahri, Medinet Habu, Ramnesseum, Tombs of Nobles, Colossi of Memnon, Deir el-Medina, Valley of the Queens, Mortuary Temple of Seti are some popular historical sites in Luxor.
Museums
Egyptian Museum, located in Cairo, is a treasure trove of the Pharaonic world. This faded pink mansion is home to wonderful pieces of ancient art and statuary. The golden treasures unearthed from Tutankhamen's tomb is one of the prime attractions of this museum. Alexandria National Museum is home to over 1,800 artifacts from the Greco-Roman period to the Coptic and Islamic eras. The National Museum of Egyptian Civilization (NMEC), tells the story of Egypt's human history. It is home to the Royal Mummies, especially Egypt's most famous Pharaonic mummies. Other prominent museums are Nubian Museum, Museum of Islamic Art, Museum of Modern Egyptian Art, and Luxor Museum.
Nature & Adventure
A cruise upon the famed Nile River is like a breath of fresh air. It's the most relaxing way to see the glorious temples that beautify the banks of the river in the route between Luxor and Aswan. Temple of Kom Ombo and Edfu's Temple of Horus are two famous sights on a Nile cruise. With its beautiful coral reefs and exotic sea life, the Red Sea is renowned among scuba divers. The most famous town to base yourself in is Sharm el-Sheikh which is closest to the reefs of the Straits of Tiran, as well as the reefs of Ras Mohammed National Park. Head to El Gouna or Hurghada to dive the sites of the Straits of Gubal. Along with corals and fish life, the Red Sea is a major wreck-diving destination. Surrounded by date palm plantations, hot water springs and the renowned Fortress of Shali, Siwa is a soulful escape from the hustle of Egypt's cities. The ruins of the fortress and various temple remnants are scattered throughout the oasis area. White Desert National Park, situated to the south of Bahariya Oasis, is truly a natural wonder. The park is adorned with huge boulders and surreally shaped chalk pinnacles. Overnight camping and 4WD desert trips are popular activities.
Islands
Giftun Islands are a tranquil escape from Hurghada. It is famous for its white sandy beaches and easily accessible coral reefs. Paddling, snorkeling and scuba diving are some of the popular activities at Mahmya in the Giftun Island National Park. Roda Island, Al Nabtat Island, Hamata Island, Abu Monkar, Pharaoh's Island, Elephantine Island, Tiran Island, and Gezira Island are some of the other beautiful islands in Egypt.
Beaches
The Sinai Peninsula in Egypt's South Sinai region offers an amazing beach experience. Sharm el-Sheikh, Dahab and Nuweinba are famous for their beaches. In the lagoon beach area in Dahab you can enjoy kitesurfing and windsurfing. Located on the edge of the Red Sea, the scenic resort town of Hurghada is famous for its beaches and warm waters. You can indulge in various water sports such as scuba diving, snorkeling, windsurfing and jet-skiing. Sahl Hasheesh Beach has the best-known diving spots. Soma Bay, Sharm El Luli, El Gouna, Ras Um Sid, Ras Abu Galum, Fjord Bay, Naama Bay, are other popular destinations to enjoy the beaches of Egypt.
Places of Worship
Al-Azhar Mosque, located in Islamic Cairo, is one of the city's earliest surviving mosques. In 988 AD it was endowed with the status of university. Across the central courtyard is the main praying hall. Dating back to the 9th century, the Ibn Tulun Mosque is the second oldest mosque in Cairo. The main court displays intricate frieze work. The upper platform offers splendid views of the Mokattam Hills and the sea of houses surrounding the mosque. Sultan Hassan Mosque in Cairo is one of the finest examples of Mamluk architecture in the world. It's an epitome of Islamic artistry at its best. It is also adorned by the tallest minaret in Cairo at 81.5 meters. Other beautiful religious places are Al-Nasir Mosque, Alabaster Mosque, Mosque of Al-Hakim, and St. Simeon Monastery, among others.
How to spend time / how long will it take?

You can make the most out of your trip to Egypt in 7 to 10 days. Starting off at Cairo, spend a day exploring the Islamic Cairo and Egyptian Museum. Take a short day trip to Giza to explore the marvelous pyramids. Spend a day in Alexandra experiencing its old world charm. Spend a day in Sharm El-Sheikh enjoying different water sports especially at Ras Mohammed National Park. Next go to Hurghada in order to explore the exotic Giftun Islands. Spend a day here enjoying its sandy beaches and serene ambiance. Spend a day or two in Luxor to visit its iconic landmarks. Take a Nile Cruise to reach Aswan where you can spend a day exploring its archeological sites and the enticing Abu Simbel.

Cuisine
  • Egyptian cuisine makes heavy use of vegetables, legumes and fruits from the Nile Valley and Delta. Seafood and fish are common in Egypt's coastal regions. Some of the must-try dishes are Ful Medames, Koshari, Tamiya, Kebab and Kofta, Shawarma, Baklava, Feteer Meshaltet, Mahshi, and Sayadiyah Fish, among others.
Costs
  • While meal prices in Egypt can vary, the average cost of food is EGP 60 (USD 3.82) per meal.
Visa
  • Indians require a Visa.
  • Other nationalities may or may not require a Visa.
Season to Visit
  • October
  • November
  • December
  • January
  • February
  • March
  • April

Typical Duration to Visit
  • 7 - 10 days

Known For
  • Wildlife
  • Islamic Architecture
  • Deserts
  • Markets and Shopping
  • Adventure
  • Ancient Traces
  • Traditional Arts
  • Vintage Tourism
  • Cafe Culture
  • Pyramids
Areas to Visit
  • St. Catherine’s Church & Ras Mohammed National Park in Sinai Peninsula
  • Pyramids of Giza & mosques of Cairo in Lower Egypt
  • Karnak Temple, Valley of the Kings, Luxor Temple, Abu Simbel, Philae Temple Complex in Upper Egypt
  • Siwa Oasis in Wester Desert region

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