Explore Explore South America
Explore South America
Power of Nature

South America is the fourth largest continent, the southern of the two continents of the Western Hemisphere. It is divided politically into 12 independent countries - Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay and Venezuela - and the overseas department of French Guiana . South America is a continent of many natural superlatives: the longest mountain range - the Andes, the highest waterfalls - the Angel Falls and the driest place on earth - the Atacama Desert in Chile.

Largest Country: Brazil. The country is covering more than half the continent's landmass. Did you know that Brazil is only slightly smaller than the USA? Largest City: Sao Paolo in Brazil. With more than 21 million inhabitants (2019) Sao Paulo is also one of the ten biggest cities in the world.

Smallest Country: Suriname. The country is one of the 10 most sparsely populated countries in the world. Biggest Island: Tierra del Fuego (Spanish meaning: Land of Fire), at the southern tip of Argentina and Chile.

Longest River: Amazon River (6,437metres/4,000miles). The Amazon is not only the second longest river in the world after the Nile, but also the Amazon carries more water than the world's other 10 biggest rivers combined! Highest Mountain: Aconcagua in Argentina. The mountain (6,961metres/22,837ft) is located in the Andes mountain range. The Aconcagua is considered the second highest of the world's Seven Summits after Mount Everest which is in Asia.

Biggest Lake: Lake Titicaca (shared by Bolivia and Peru). Driest Place: While South America's rain forests also are some of the wettest places on the earth, the Atacama desert in Chile is considered the driest place on earth. There are two landlocked countries in South America: Paraguay and Bolivia are located in the interior of the continent and have neither access to the Atlantic Ocean nor to the Pacific Ocean.

South America
Things to do
  • Colonial Splendor
  • Big Cities
  • Ancient Ruins
  • Beaches
  • Outdoor Adventures
  • Dramatic Scenery
  • Festivals & Events
  • Hiking & Trekking
  • Wildlife
  • When discussing South American food, it's best to separate thecontinent into four broad gastronomic regions
  • Northwestern South America, especially the Andean Mountainnations of Ecuador, Bolivia, and Peru, boasts some of the mostexotic food in Latin America. Potatoes and the highly nutritiousgrain quinoa originated here and still play major roles in thecuisine
  • Peru alone boasts more than 100 different potatovarieties, including a blue (actually, it's lavender) potato thathas become the darling of trendy chefs in North America
  • Peru alsohas some of the spiciest food in South America. The preferred seasoning here is the aji amarillo, a fiery yellow chile that addsbite to everything from caucau (seafood stew) to papas a lahuancaina (spicy, cheesy potato salad)
  • A large Japanese communityhas also influenced Peruvian cooking
  • To apply for a visa, you would first need to decide as to which country you plan to visit first and apply the same from the consulate. Indian passport holders need to apply for a visa beforehand before they decide to visit the country
  • Unlike, Schengen, you cannot see all of South America on a single visa
  • You will need to apply for the same at their respective consulates
  • However, some of the countries like Ecuador, Bolivia, and Guyana have visa on arrival for Indian citizens
  • If you are applying for a visa for visiting Argentina or Brazil, you will need to send in your applications at least a month in advance
  • Make sure all your documentation is in place
  • Letters need to be in Spanish as well notarized in English, if you are applying for a visa for visiting Argentina
Season to Visit
  • December
  • January
  • February
  • March
  • October
  • November

Typical Duration to Visit
  • 10 - 22 days

Known For
  • Machu Pichhu in Peru
  • Iguazu Falls in Argentina/Brazil
  • Angel Falls in Venezuela
  • Rio de Janeiro and its Carnival in Brazil
  • Patagonia in Argentina/Chile
  • Amazon in Ecuador
  • Pantanal in Paraguay/Brazil
  • Torres del Paine National Park in Chile
  • Buenos Aires in Argentina
  • Lake Titicaca
  • Salar de Uyuni in Bolivia
  • Glaciar Perito Moreno in Argentina
  • Otavalo Market in Ecuador
  • Colonia del Sacramento in Uruguay
  • Cartagena in Colombia
  • Encarnación in Paraguay
  • Central Suriname NatureReserve
  • Atacama Desert in Chile
Areas to Visit


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