Explore Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
World’s largest landlocked country

Kazakhstan, officially the Republic of Kazakhstan, is the world's largest landlocked country. It covers a vast swathe of territory in Central Asia. The country is dotted with dramatic mountains, endless steppe, seamless deserts, lakes, canyons and valleys. It boasts many hidden treasures such as Charyn Canyon, Kaindy Lake, Tamgaly-Tas, the marvelous cities of Nur-Sultan and Almaty, among others. The country's geographical diversity accounts for memorable travel experiences. 


Popular cities: 

  • Nur-Sultan

  • Almaty 

  • Aktobe

  • Semey 

  • Turkestan

  • Shymkent 

Climate
The climate in Kazakhstan is continental and a little arid. The best time to visit the country is between May and September.

  • January — Cool
  • February — Cool
  • March — Warm
  • April — Warm
  • May — Warm
  • June — Hot
  • July — Hot
  • August — Hot
  • September — Warm
  • October — Warm
  • November — Warm
  • December — Cool
Things to do
City Life
Nur-Sultan, formerly known as Astana, is the capital city of Kazakhstan. This dynamic city is replete with enormous landmark buildings. With its towering skyscrapers, Nur-Sultan is one of the most modern and futuristic cities in Central Asia. Bayterek Tower, Palace of Peace and Harmony, and Khan Shatyr are prime attractions. Almaty is another cultural and commercial hub of Kazakhstan. This scenic city is best known for its ski resorts, fine restaurants and bars. With its streets dotted with WW2 memorials, mosaics and museums, Semey is an embodiment of the past. Turkestan is a seamless blend of traditional nomadic culture and sedentary city life. Ruins of the ancient cities of Sauran and Otrar are the prime attractions. If you are into cosmos you can take a day trip to Baikonur Cosmodrome, the largest space launch facility in the world. Shymkent is home to vibrant markets, parks, museums, religious and historical sites. You can go shopping at Shymkent Plaza which is a modern retail complex with trendy and upscale stores.
Historic/Architectural Heritage
The 14th-century Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yasawi is one of the most important historical and impressive sights in the country. Though left incomplete, the mausoleum has survived as one of the best-preserved of Timurid constructions. UNESCO recognized it as Kazakhstan's first site of patrimony, declaring it a World Heritage Site. With innovative architectural solutions for done and vault constructions, this mausoleum displays the brilliance of Timurid architectural style. Tamgaly-Tas, an open-air sanctuary, is home to around 5,000 ancient petroglyphs. The rocks are inscribed with images of Tibetan scriptures and Buddha. Boulevard of Unity and Accord, located in Aktobe, symbolizes the unity of different religions and nationalities in Kazakhstan. It consists of an amphitheater, a memorial rotunda and Shanyrak monument.
Museums

The National Museum of the Republic of Kazakhstan, located in Nur-Sultan, covers the country's history from ancient to modern times. It is composed of several halls giving insight into the culture, history and art of Kazakhstan. The Hall of Ethnography gives an insightful look into Kazakh's nomadic culture. Nevzorov's Fine Arts Museum in Semey has an impressive collection of artworks with religious themes from European masters of Medieval times through Russian landscape and portrait painting. It also features contemporary art by young artists. Other prominent museums are Kazakhstan Museum of Arts, Kazakh Museum of Folk Musical Instruments, Krayevecheskiy Museum, National Museum of Abai, Anatomical Museum, Central State Museum in Almaty, Museum of History and Local Study, Dostoevsky Museum, and Regional Museum of Southern Kazakhstan.

Nature & Adventure
Charyn Canyon, situated in the southeast of Kazakhstan, is breathtakingly beautiful. Its ruddy walls and rock formations are reminiscent of the world-famous Grand Canyon. You can also enjoy canoeing or whitewater rafting along the pristine Sharyn River that runs through the canyon. Karkaraly National Park, located in Kazakhstan's Central Highlands, is home to a wide variety of flora and fauna. It's adorned with shimmering lakes, mystical rock formations and gaping caves. You can enjoy its amazing landscapes by hiking, bouldering, or camping. Kolsai Lake, referred to as 'Pearls of Tian Shan', has three lakes to visit. A strenuous but thrilling hike takes you from the lower to the upper lake. Its dramatic scenery makes camping here a memorable experience.Aksu-Zhabagly encompasses lofty mountains, glaciers, rivers, endless steppe and sweeping valleys. Full of incredible vistas, Aksu Gorge, Kshi-Kainy Waterfalls and Stalactite Cave are the major highlights of this natural reserve. For some thrilling adrenaline rush you can explore the breathtaking Big Almaty Lake and Big Almaty Peak on foot by hiking. You can also go to Medeu, the highest skating rink in the world or enjoy skiing at the wonderful Shymbulak ski resort. Other beautiful nature-rich places are Saryarka Plains, Lake Balkhash, Aral Sea, Turgen Gorge, and Bear Falls, among others.
Wildlife
Almaty Zoo is home to a diverse wildlife of Kazakhstan, in particular, wild ram, golden eagle, deer, jaguars, zebras, American condors, Persian and Far Eastern leopards, and others. Shymkent Zoo is one of the largest and oldest zoological parks in the country. It is home to more than 20 kinds of animals brought in the Red book.
Places of Worship
Nur-Astana Mosque is the third largest mosque in Central Asia. This massive Islamic style structure made of granite, glass, concrete and alucobond measures can easily accommodate 5,000 worshippers inside and 2,000 worshippers outside the mosque. Hazrat Sultan Mosque, located in Nur-Sultan, is the largest mosque in all of Central Asia. Built in classical Islamic style, this magnificent mosque is embellished with traditional Kazakh ornaments. Nurgasyr Regional Central Mosque has immense spiritual significance and is an architectural landmark of Aktobe. With a 40 meters high dome and high minarets in its corners, this mosque is a stunning sight to behold. Other religious sites are Assumption Russian Orthodox Cathedral, St. Nicholas Cathedral, Tarnybai Kaukenov mosque, and Central Mosque Shymkent.
How to spend time / how long will it take?
You can cover a major chunk of Kazakhstan in 5 to 7 days. Starting off in Almaty, spend a day exploring this city. Next day explore the Big Almaty Lake and Peak via hiking. Spend two days visiting the scenic Kolsai Lake, Charyn Canyon and Turgen Gorge. Spend a day in Semey exploring WW2 monuments. End your trip in Nur-Sultan, spending two days exploring its amazing landmarks and cultural sites.
Cuisine
  • Traditional Kazakh cuisine is focused on meat including, camel, horse, beef and lamb, as well as many milk products. Some must-try foods are Beshbarmak, Pilaf, Manti, Kazy, Koktal, Baursak, Shurpa, Lagman and Kuurdak, among others.
Costs
  • While meal prices in Kazakhstan can vary, the average cost of food is KZT 800 (USD 1.88) per meal.
Visa
  • Indians require a Visa.
  • Other nationalities may or may not require a Visa.
Season to Visit
  • May
  • June
  • August
  • September
  • October
  • November
  • December

Typical Duration to Visit
  • 5 - 7 days

Known For
  • Steppe
  • Deserts
  • Canyons
  • Mountains
  • Architecture
  • History
Areas to Visit
  • Almaty Region for pristine lakes, and Charyn Canyon
  • Alakol Biosphere Reserve in East Kazakhstan Region
  • Nur-Sultan for modern architectural landmarks

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